The (Recessionary) Projections of December 2022 Live On
Editorial by EMPLOY AMERICA on The Fed Chair’s 25bp hike which are aligning with the Fed’s consensus and market beliefs and Powell’s expectations of continuing inflation risks. Gotta make sure the chance of inflation is really dead. Poking at it with 25bp hike now, making sure it is dead, and two more rounds of the same in the near future.
Good take by Skanda Amarnath of EMPLOY AMERICA on Fed Chair Powell’s beliefs. Skanda’s belief is the increases are going to happen regardless.
While I am thinking of it and if you have not done so yet. Make sure you read New Deal democrat’s report on manufacturing already at a recessionary level and construction spending declining. I already have seen the later in a decline in AZ,
February FOMC Quick Recap: The (Recessionary) Projections of December Live On
by Skanda Amarnath – 1 Feb 2023 EMPLOY AMERICA
Summary: Today’s FOMC Statement and press conference shows high continuity with the thinking reflected in the December FOMC meeting. The Fed does not appear to be impressed by the deceleration in wage growth in 2022H2 enough to explicitly rethink the inflation, unemployment, or interest rate outlook right now. Two more hikes this year remains the Fed’s base case (terminal Fed Funds Rate: 5-5.25%), with risks likely skewed towards more than two hikes.
Decision: Today’s 25bp hike aligned with consensus and market expectations.
• Our view: The outlook is looking increasingly balanced between downside labor income and upside inflationary risks. Given that the hike was already priced into financial conditions and embedded in the growth outlook, our preferred Fed framework would have yielded a corresponding course of action here.
Rate Guidance: Despite the opportunity to show more open-mindedness about the path for interest rates over coming meetings, the FOMC is continuing to signal high confidence that at least two more 25bp hikes are needed.
• If the FOMC were open to the possibility of ending rate hikes sooner, they could have chosen different lanugage from “ongoing rate increases” and “extent of future increases.” They could have said “ongoing tightening” and “extent of future tightening” but they didn’t. 2 additional hikes (March, May) seems closer to the floor than the ceiling for the FOMC’s 2023 interest rate outlook.
• The Fed’s hawkish tilt might be part of a cagey posturing to prevent risk premiums from compressing and financial conditions further easing. Powell seemed to inadvertently divulge that he anticipates a “couple” of additional hikes, consistent with the December dots.
• Our view: With the outlook looking increasingly balanced, the Fed should be taking a meeting-by-meeting approach and avoid hard guidance. Only one more hike is priced into financial conditions and even that hike could prove less justified over the next six weeks.
Chair Powell’s Reasoning: We heard all of the major arguments we heard in December, but with the only surprise stemming from the elevated emphasis on goods disinflation over wage disinflation. The former only really got going in Q4, whereas ECI clearly shows sequential deceleration across both Q3 and Q4.
• Had Chair Powell emphasized the more robust pattern of decelerating wages over decelerating goods prices, he might have sounded more dovish. By the Fed’s own assertions, isn’t the challenge ‘bringing the labor market back into balance?’ The disproportionate emphasis on goods prices over wages is probably a tell that the Fed is intentionally trying to posture hawkishly.
• The Fed is still clinging to its belief in “Core Services Ex Housing PCE” as a suitable proxy for wage-caused inflation. We think there’s a lot more going on in that price aggregate, and the Fed is inadvertently elevating problematic input cost indices in analytically flawed ways.
• The Washington Post’s Rachel Siegel gave Chair Powell ample opportunity to walk back from the Phillips Curve reasoning that demands higher unemployment to tame wage growth and inflation. Despite further wage deceleration in Q4 and H2 in ECI and Average Hourly Earnings, Powell punted on whether recessionary unemployment rate increases are still ‘necessary.’ There are two more employment reports that might catalyze a further rethink here.
• Our (EMPLOY AMERICA) view : Don’t be fooled by Powell’s words of optimism about bringing down inflation without damage to the labor market. For Powell as of December, “4.7 percent [unemployment] is still a strong labor market.” As we noted, these types of increases in the unemployment rate are not something to trivialize. They have always yielded further recessionary pain that routinely go beyond the Fed’s immediate control. So even if the unemployment rate starts ticking up and recession risks snowball, the Fed’s current stance is that they will stay idle and only consider easing after it is too late. Not great.
AB Comment: Attempting to fix occurring supply chain problems and deliberately caused supply chain problems (think containers sitting on the West Coast waiting to be picked up, for a chassis, or to be unloaded from ships. think corporations manipulating the supply chain, think prices increasing when there is no increased manufacturing costs, etc.) with increased Fed rates to whack labor does not fix the issue. The Fed has a history of not letting up on the economic brakes.