Politicians may have headed off their strike, but rail workers haven’t stopped organizing for paid sick leave, safe staffing, and time off.
AFL-CIO Transportation Trades Department:
“The American people should know that while this round of collective bargaining is over, the underlying issues facing the workforce and rail customers remain,”
As take from: “Here’s How Rail Workers Are Fighting On After Biden Blocked a National Strike,” In These Times, Jeff Schuhrke.
The high-stakes labor dispute within U.S. freight railroads has receded from headlines since President Joe Biden and Congress imposed a new contract last month. However, rail workers are continuing the fight for dignity and better conditions, albeit without the threat of a national strike on the table.
The major underlying issue remains precision scheduled railroading (PSR), the business model adopted in recent years by Class I rail carriers. Carriers such as Union Pacific, BNSF, Norfolk Southern and CSX. The business model being to maximize shareholder profits by cutting costs to the bone. Precision Scheduled Railroading has been blamed for a dramatic reduction in the freight rail workforce, increased supply-chain congestion. and deteriorating safety. All the while, investors take in record profits.
As a potential railroad strike loomed late last year, the absence of guaranteed paid sick leave and time off in the rail industry came to symbolize the immense strain PSR puts on workers. It became the focal point for a potential railroad strike late last year. By implementing mandatory attendance policies to deal with understaffing and no company sick time, workers were facing disciplinary penalties for missing work due to illness. The result was to burn through their vacation time if they or their family members get sick. If you miss a call-in, you are on probation. There is no allowance for any missing of time over a set period.
A bit of Information.
Railroad employees can take days off for any reason, but those days are generally unpaid and workers might be docked under the railroad’s attendance rules. If an employee has little seniority, your days off for a vacation or otherwise can be canceled. If you take unscheduled days off, after two times you are terminated. Much of this is due to a lack of Labor resulting from company directives to reduce head count.
Problematic was the lack of a set and accurate train schedules as RR companies wait for full trains. This practice forces crews to be near phones to receive the call to crew a train. Upon receipt of a call, they had 90 to 120 minutes to reach the terminal.
Back to the article.
Brokered by Biden last September. the tentative agreement between rail carriers and unions did not include guaranteed sick days. The result was a majority of the union rank and file to vote against ratifying the deal.
Late last year Biden called on Congress to override union democracy and impose the contract anyway. Progressive Democrats attached a separate resolution mandating seven paid sick days, without the president’s public support. The measure passed in the House of Representatives. It failed in the Senate, where all but six Republicans voted against it.
Rail worker and member of the Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employes Division (BMWED) in Ohio, Matt Weaver:
“President Biden campaigned on a week of paid sick leave for all working people, and then he had the opportunity right here but didn’t take action. He favored the corporations.”
Continuing the Fight . . .
Immediately after imposing the contract effectively ending the threat of a strike — several railroad unions, including the Sheet Metal, Air, Rail and Transportation Workers-Transportation Division (SMART-TD), began urging Biden to issue an executive order guaranteeing sick leave in the rail industry.
On December 13, SMART-TD organized rallies in at least 11 states and in Washington, D.C. demanding action from Biden. At the same time, led by Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), over 70 members of Congress signed onto a letter calling on the president to listen to the rail unions and act on paid sick leave.
So far, Biden has not publicly responded.
Deven Mantz, a BMWED member in North Dakota, was one of around 25 rail workers who traveled to Washington in November. He personally persuaded lawmakers to introduce and vote for the failed sick leave measure. MantzTalks to In These Times::
“Now that we’ve got a new Congress in there, the pressure is off is a little bit, which is kind of frustrating. But we’re still organizing. I’m still in contact with congressmembers that I spoke with before when I was in D.C., and they’re not giving up the fight yet quite yet.”
Mantz explained that rather than an executive order from Biden himself — which the rail carriers would likely challenge in court — guaranteed sick leave could come in the form of new safety rules from another part of the executive branch. For example, the Department of Transportation could mandate paid sick days on the grounds that forcing employees to come to work ill and unrested creates unsafe conditions on the railroads.
Meanwhile, rank-and-file railroaders are also focusing on longer-term struggles, with the next round of contract negotiations scheduled to begin in less than two years.
Angry at top union officials for working closely with the Biden administration to secure an unpopular agreement and avoid a strike, many railroad workers are also calling for more democracy in their unions.
Just days after the new contract was imposed last month, members of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and Trainmen (BLET) — the second-largest rail union — voted their union president, Dennis Pierce, out of office in a stunning upset.
The BLET’s new president, Eddie Hall, took office on January 1. A working engineer and local union officer in Arizona, Hall’s longshot candidacy was born out of rank-and-file frustration at how the union’s leadership was handling contract negotiations. His unexpected victory shows how deep those frustrations go.
The rank and file in the BMWED are also mobilizing, particularly through a caucus called Rank and File United, cofounded by Mantz in 2021. Mantz explains;
“The focus of our caucus is to educate. We’re trying to give membership power and confidence local by local.”
He said one of the ultimate goals of Rank and File United is to organize a work-to-rule campaign at some point in the future.
“A work-to-rule campaign would push all of our membership to do exactly what they’re supposed to do [on the job], no cutting corners. The railroads almost entice you to cut corners on safety issues because it benefits them. Our idea is this would force the railroads to actually hire”
Instead of overworking the dwindling number of existing employees.
Rank-and-file railroad unionists
Seem to agree the best hope for a better contract next time is greater cross-craft unity, and a single bargaining coalition of all the rail unions.
Building unity is the main goal of Railroad Workers United. RWU is a solidarity caucus of rank-and-file workers from across the dozen different rail unions. Founded in 2008, RWU gained national attention in the recent contract fight as its members organized against the Biden-brokered deal and advocated for the unions to strike.
RWU organizer Ron Kaminkow said that while the group would like to see Biden mandate paid sick days, they are not going to expend their limited resources trying to persuade the president to do what he could have done during contract bargaining.
“It has the potential to make us some sort of lobby group, and that’s not really what we do.”
“I think Railroad Workers United has bigger fish to fry and a more important direction to go in.”
In particular, he said RWU is going to “go notch 8” on its recently announced campaign calling for public ownership of the freight railroads. (Notch 8 is the highest amperage on diesel locomotive engines.)
“The railroad in this country is an anomaly in that it is the only transportation infrastructure that’s privately held, and it’s an anomaly worldwide in that most all railroad infrastructure everywhere else is held publicly.”
Noting how highways, airports, seaports and inland water ways in the United States are already public domains. RWU contends the private corporation ownership of railroads will continue to put profit maximization ahead of safety and efficient transportation.
In the weeks since Biden and Congress prevented a rail strike in the name of avoiding supply chain disruptions, there have nevertheless been multiple disruptions brought on by the rail carriers’ PSR business model.
For example, in late December, Union Pacific failed to deliver multiple shipments of corn to Foster Farms facilities in California, putting thousands of dairy cows and millions of chickens at risk of starving. There have also been several freight derailments around the country, including one that caused an Amtrak passenger train to be stranded for 29 hours.
Meanwhile, the growing length of freight trains and increasing the time they block rail crossings, Another symptom of PSR has been blamed for a growing number of deaths. Long trains delay emergency responders such as paramedics and firefighters from quickly getting to where they need to be.
“The Class I railroads have pissed off everyone in the country. RWU will be seeking allies amongst trade unions, passenger train advocates, environmental groups, social justice and transportation justice groups, and so forth in the months and years ahead.”
Ahead of the next round of contract negotiations, workers are hoping that the coalition building they’ve done over the previous year will help build pressure to secure key wins. Yet they also worry about the precedent set by Biden and Congress last month.
“With the [recent] agreement imposed on us, it gives the railroads no reason to bargain in good faith. Why would they make a fair agreement with us when they know Congress will just shove anything up our asses?”
“Pushing Train Crews and Other Railroad Workers to the Brink.” Angry Bear
“Biden Is Breaking His Sick Leave Promise To Crush Rail Workers,” levernews.com
AB; In the past, everyone was complaining about AMTRAK’s poor service. I wonder how a nationalized freight system would work? Some History:
Founded in 1971 as a quasi-public corporation to operate many U.S. passenger rail routes, Amtrak receives a combination of state and federal subsidies but is managed as a for-profit organization. The company’s headquarters is located one block west of Union Station in Washington, D.C.
In October 1970, Congress passed, and President Richard Nixon signed into law, the Rail Passenger Service Act. Proponents of the bill, led by the National Association of Railroad Passengers (NARP), sought government funding to ensure the continuation of passenger trains. They conceived the National Railroad Passenger Corporation (NRPC), a quasi-public corporation that would be managed as a for-profit organization, but which would receive taxpayer funding and assume operation of intercity passenger trains. Amtrak – Wikipedia