North Carolina Supreme Court has thrown a lifeline to SCOTUS
AB: Think about it. How does SCOTUS decide on some far-flung theory rejected by the founding fathers. Repubs claim NC high court decision canceling “extreme gerrymander by the state legislature violating the state’s constitution” violated the “independent state legislature theory” (ISLT).
AB: This was a preposterous contention that state legislatures, acting alone, without executive approval or judicial oversight, have the power to establish federal congressional districts. It is a theory as advocated by one of the founding fathers and rejected by the rest of them.
It smelled then and smells now. By accepting a review of the previous NC Supreme Court decision, they relieve the US SC having to review. Not that the NC review will stop the US SC from reviewing, it just may though. More of the rest of the story.
Back to the
future premise; The North Carolina Supreme Court (NCSC) has thrown a face-saving lifeline to the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) in Moore v. Harper, a case that poses substantial peril for the higher court’s legitimacy. NCSC recently announced it would rehear a decision that was argued before SCOTUS in December. The decision will almost certainly be reversed by NCSC, rendering the case moot (They are other than Dem oriented).
SCOTUS should grab the lifeline and dismiss the appeal, saying its review of the case was improvidently granted, thereby saving itself great embarrassment in several respects. Not that have not proven themselves biased, foolish, and conspiracal in releasing information before a formal decision.
The appeal resulted from NCSC’s decision an extreme gerrymander by the state legislature violated the state’s constitution. The legislature sought SCOTUS review, claiming that the decision violated the “independent state legislature theory” (ISLT) — a preposterous contention of state legislatures, acting alone, without executive approval or judicial oversight, have the power to establish federal congressional districts.
Serious constitutional scholars were surprised that at least four members of SCOTUS voted to hear the appeal because ISLT has been thoroughly discredited. The case was completely undeserving of SCOTUS review. The only conceivable reason for the high court to take the case would be to allow GOP-controlled state legislatures to gerrymander to their heart’s content without interference by their high courts.
AB: Would that make sense? To some, it just might. But wiser legal minds might prevail.
After SCOTUS decided to take the case, several developments arose that should be of concern to the GOP majority. First, the Conference of Chief Justices, representing the high courts of every U.S. state and territory, filed a friend of the court brief debunking ISLT as violating the fundamental constitutional concepts of federalism and separation of powers. As a former member of that distinguished group, I can tell you that its intervention in this case is extremely rare and had to be (maybe) an eye-opener for the justices.
Secondly, the 2022 midterm elections demonstrated that the ISLT door can swing both ways, something that had probably not occurred to the GOP majority. Had the extreme gerrymander devised by the Democrat-controlled New York Legislature not been swatted down by that state’s courts, the GOP might not now have its majority in the U.S. House.
If SCOTUS were to adopt the theory, one could anticipate that blue state legislatures would adopt extreme gerrymanders, posing even greater dangers to the GOP in the next round of redistricting, as young progressive voters continue to swell state voting rolls. Progressives are storming the walls or gerrymandering.
Furthermore, oral argument of the case on the anniversary of Pearl Harbor Day could not have been comforting to the hard-right justices. Chief Justice Roberts pointed to a 1932 case that seemed to negate the theory, and Justice Barrett appeared to be skeptical. It did not seem anyone was able to articulate an approach that could garnering majority support. Quite frankly, any decision granting any form of relief to the North Carolina legislature would make SCOTUS look overtly political and legally incompetent.
Compounding these difficulties is the plain fact, Justice Thomas will bring disrepute upon the entire court if he remains on the case and participates in a decision. The problem is not so much with the current dispute over congressional redistricting, but with the higher-stakes danger the adoption of ISLT would pose for the integrity of the next presidential election.
If SCOTUS were to approve the theory, it would give strong support to the scheme Thomas’s former clerk John Eastman hatched to change the outcome of the 2020 presidential election. Eastman claimed state legislatures, acting alone, can present alternate elector slates in a presidential election, regardless of the popular vote. Eastman corresponded with Thomas’s wife, Ginni, about the scheme and she, in turn, vigorously pursued it. Eastman even professed to have inside information about a “heated fight” among SCOTUS justices as the scheme unfolded. This documented and publicly available information reeks of impropriety.
Thomas should immediately withdraw from the case because of his glaring conflict of interest. It is inconceivable that he would participate in a case that could give legs in 2024 to the scheme his wife and former clerk advanced cooked up to commandeer the 2020 election. SCOTUS is coming under increasing pressure to adopt a code of conduct, which would include standards for recusal. Thomas’s participation in any final decision of the Moore case would have a devastating impact on the high court’s legitimacy.
So, along comes the NCSC with a handy lifeline that could rescue SCOTUS from the morass. North Carolina is one of those unfortunate states that elects partisan Supreme Court justices. Moore was correctly decided by a Democratic majority, but a Republican majority was elected last November. In an exceedingly rare move, the new court ordered a rehearing of the decision, even though the appeal is still pending before SCOTUS.
The only realistic way to read this development is that the NCSC intends to find the legislature’s redistricting plan to be lawful.
We won’t know for certain until the court rules later this year, but all the smart money anticipates reversal This would moot the Moore appeal. This gives the SCOTUS majority an opportunity to drop the appeal and avoid having to find a way to write a coherent opinion in a completely meritless case. The justices would also save the embarrassment of Thomas’s refusal to recuse. SCOTUS could either send the case back, saying that review had been improvidently granted, or put the case on hold awaiting NCSC’s determination on rehearing.
The North Carolina Supreme Court has thrown SCOTUS a lifeline, msn.com, Jim Jones, Opinion Contributor.
GOP controlled state legislature are no doubt offering much aid & comfort to the Supreme Court majority, by leaning on the 9th and 10th Amendments which tend to empower state legislatures, and the Right generally.
One wonders if, when history looks back on this era, will they say that it started with Ron Reagan, or Newt Gingrich, or Donald Trump? Could be that Nixon and Busch Jr will be only footnotes.
And, if one is tempted to blame Newt G, one must remember that in the period in question, the Dems had realized that they only way to elect presidents from their party was to put up good ol’ southern boys as nominees. But the GOP figured out how to get around this, by doubling down.
ILST perhaps is more likely to get traction de facto rather than de jure. If this makes it to decision maybe it is something like this: ‘The US constitution does not oblige states to rely exclusively on their legislatures to create districts for House of Representatives, but only legislatures can create the districts. Courts, special commissions and the like can weigh in in whatever manner the state determines, but cannot positively district a state without final approval by the legislature. State courts can interpret their own laws and constitution, but cannot create districts on their own. If districting is otherwise okay with federal requirements (district population and possibly racial make-up come to mind), then it is a matter for the state to figure out. The federal government has no role in enforcing state court decisions in this area. If North Carolina legislature wants to ignore their Supreme Court on purely state legal issues, well that is not our problem. If a state executive declines to get in between the state court and legislature, well not a federal problem either.’ Basically, if a state is organized in a way that empowers non-legislative parties in this, fine, but the feds are not the umpires unless the districting has federal problems.
If the State Courts find the legislatures are purposely gerrymandering, they can interfere with it. They send it back to the legislatures to be redone. The legislatures can take it to the Federal Courts and take a chance it will decide in their favor. What has been happening is civilian commissions have been formed in states and they decide how the districts will be formed. Michigan turned their legisature around.
Clarence isn’t going anywhere. He’s waited 30+ years for this revenge. Having it happen while Biden is Prez is icing on Clarence’s cake. Mr. Biden was Judiciary Comte chair during Clarence’s Senate hearings. It’s the revenge tour.
Eleven Democrats joined with Repubs to put Clarence in SCOTUS. If Biden is guilty of anything, it is allowing Repubs to ride roughshod over Anita. He owed Clarence nothing. There is no revenge to be had.
Here again Thomas, Alito, Gorsuch, and Kavanaugh have consistently proven they can not be unbiased when making legal decisions. Even so, the Republican majority has been delaying decisions having made none in October, November, and December. And carrying it into 2023. Justice Barrett did one in October. And poor John Roberts can’t find out who leaked the Abortion issue.