Wages and household income vs. housing
by New Deal democrat
Wages and household income vs. housing: which leads which?
Sometimes I look into a relationship that doesn’t quite pan out, but it’s still useful to flesh out the process. That’s the story of real wage growth vs. housing.
In the last few months I ‘ve pointed out that real wage growth has been slowing. In January, it went negative YoY. Since, all else being equal, having less money to save for a downpayment, or to pay the montly mortgage ought to lead to fewer new housees being built, So has that been the case historically?
Well, first of all, here are real wages (blue, left scale) vs. housing permits (red, right scale):
It’s hard to see any consistent relationship. If anything, it might be that housing permits turn before real wages. So let’s look at the YoY relationship, below:
Since the series started in the 1960s through the mid 1980s, permits appear to have led real wages.
But since the mid-1980s, the relationship if any is less clear, with coincident turns until 2001, and then if anything wages appearing to lead permits.
But a better measure might be real median household income, since as we know women entered the workforce in large numbers in the 1970s through the 1990s. Since household income is only measured annually, I’ve used that unit of comparison below:
Again, if anything, permits seem to lead household income by about 2 years.
Finally, it occured to me that normalizing for labor force participatioin might give me a more granular look. So below is a comparison of median household income (red) vs. real wages normalized by labor force participation, both series set to a value of 100 in 1993:
The 1980s do not appear to correlate at all. Since 1990, there is a broad correaltion, but with income ahead of wages by a year or two.
Just to fl esh this out, let’s take a look at wages adjusted by labor force participation vs. housing:
Here is the same relatinship YoY:
This at last does seem to give us a reasonably consistent relationship whereby the YoY change in real wages adjusted by partication either are coincident with or slightly lag housing, with the exception of ths housing bubble and bust. If this is true, then we should expect the recent slowdown in YoY growth in the housing market to give rise to a stagnation at least of participation as well as real wage growth.
Well, the missing ingredient is interest rate.
If I look at your first chart it becomes clear that rate is a huge factor. Housing dived in the 80s when rates were in double digits(as high as 16% at one point); then a small recovery then a recession. Recovered in the 90s as rates went ot single digits and actually fell by half.
In the oughts the investment bank ARM frauds made those rates insignificant as the teaser rates drove the bubble.
Credit drives housing Dan. The more capital to spurge, the less income you need. Always has been that way, and always will be.
also, there is the question of optimism.
if you are expecting your wages to grow you might buy a house. if you are expecting your wages to disappear suddenly or just fail to rise adequately you might not.