Relevant and even prescient commentary on news, politics and the economy.

Nuclear Bomb justifies.

Combating Nuclear Terrorism
in this GAO report on the mushroom cloud high priority reveals we are barely to first base. Are we paralyzed with fear or just used to chatter that is scarey, like a monster movie that makes us shiver but we know is not real. Do you know your disaster escape route? Not me, although I do know roads I would avoid if the Thanksgiving traffic is any guide.

I remember having to hide under my desk in elementary school for an atomic bomb drill. Given my only experience was watching some black and white films of little houses being blown away and vaporized, and the view from under the desk of the huge expanse of glass only a few feet away, I remember thinking the adults demented or oblivious and stupid. I chose the latter. Now I am not so sure.

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Consistency, expertise, idealogy, and ?

Salon reports:

President Bush late last month nominated retired Lt. Gen. James Peake to be the next secretary of the Department of Veterans Affairs. It is not an inconsequential wartime post: The department is the second-largest government agency after the Defense Department. And the VA faces the awesome responsibility of caring for several generations of veterans, including the crush of American service members back from Iraq and Afghanistan.
On paper, Peake seems qualified. Wounded twice in Vietnam, he retired in 2004 from his post as Army surgeon general, the Army’s top medical officer, with 40 years of experience in the field of military medicine.

But Bush plucked Peake directly from a private company that has raked in hundreds of millions of dollars from contracts with the VA — and Peake himself helped develop proposals for the company to contract with the VA. That has raised questions about conflict of interest, potentially pitting veterans’ care against corporate profits. Moreover, if he is confirmed, Peake will be the second head of the VA under the Bush administration to come from that same private contractor, QTC Management Inc.

When a veteran first applies for that compensation, a doctor conducts a physical to help determine how much money he or she deserves. Historically, VA doctors do most of those examinations. But increasingly they are being performed by QTC Management, the for-profit contractor that employed Peake as its chief operating officer from 2006 until now.

The company has a virtual lock on the expanding business of performing the physicals on veterans, which help determine how much they should get in disability checks from the VA. The company first started conducting the examinations in the late 1990s, part of a smaller effort to help the department alleviate a backlog of veterans awaiting benefits. This year the VA will farm out 100,000 to 150,000 of these examinations to QTC Management, according to the company’s chairman. A 2005 report from the VA’s inspector general says the company charges around $590 for each exam, making the contracts worth at least $88 million this year alone.

The first VA chief selected by Bush to come directly from QTC Management was Anthony Principi, then president of the company, who served as VA secretary from 2001 until 2005. During those years, the company reportedly hauled in hundreds of millions of dollars conducting examinations for the VA.

Even if this man is a fine candidate on his own record, the revolving door appears to be more of a simple corridor between positions, and not worth even being discrete. Please tell me in non-idealogical terms how this situation is better to have than not.

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De-salinization side effects

Rethinking desalination

(Hat tip to
The Issue.)

Last month saw the release of a UN report that paints a very bleak picture of how humans are shepherding natural resources on the planet. One of the greatest causes for concern is our use of fresh water, without which life is impossible.
Demands for fresh water come from both agriculture and drinking, with agriculture currently using almost 70 percent of global fresh water. The world’s population is estimated to grow to nine billion within 50 years, meaning we’re going to need to double the amount of fresh water for agriculture in order to feed everyone, according to the UN. Although desalination is often pointed to as the answer to this problem, a new paper published in Science suggests we are going to need to think again.
Israel is a world leader in desalination; this desert nation recently opened the world’s largest desalination plant at Ashkelon, which produces 100,000,000 m3 of desalinized water each year by reverse osmosis. The massive scale of the plant also makes its product the cheapest so far, with production costs below $0.55/m3.
Unfortunately, it seems that what passes for fresh water for drinking isn’t good enough to be used for agriculture. Israeli farmers have discovered that although Na+ and Cl- have been removed, so too has Mg2+, essential for plant growth. As if that weren’t bad enough, boron concentrations have increased. Although boron poses no threat to human health, most crops aren’t so lucky.
Last but not least, the altered ion balance in the desalinized water results in water that is less buffered, meaning that the pipes that carry it corrode faster. Although none of these problems are insurmountable, they will all result in greater costs, and in regions where millions already live below the poverty line, that’s not a good thing.

I realize these technical problems in all probability can be compensated for through engineering. I also remember the promises of the ‘Green Revolution’ of bounty without unintended or ignored consequences. Projects small scale often obscure major flaws because we did not know what to look for or consider important. If farmers missed this aspect, what chance us cityboys and girls? After all, some still want to drain the Great Lakes to subsidize other locations, without even considering the huge expense of moving water from one river to another in the same watershed.

With water at about $120 a foot acre or $1.50 cents per 1000 gal.(sewerage is $4.50 per 1000 gal.), de-salination is about 4-5 times the cost of current kinds of prices in the US. If unsubsidized by governments, prices go up considerably.

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Radical idea

Foriegn Affairs has published an article concerning how we might proceed a little differently with globalization.

Advocates of engagement with the world economy are now warning of a protectionist drift in public policy. This drift is commonly blamed on narrow industry concerns or a failure to explain globalization’s benefits or the war on terrorism. These explanations miss a more basic point: U.S. policy is becoming more protectionist because the American public is becoming more protectionist, and this shift in attitudes is a result of stagnant or falling incomes. Public support for engagement with the world economy is strongly linked to labor-market performance, and for most workers labor-market performance has been poor.
Given that globalization delivers tremendous benefits to the U.S. economy as a whole, the rise in protectionism brings many economic dangers. To avert them, U.S. policymakers must recognize and then address the fundamental cause of opposition to freer trade and investment. They must also recognize that the two most commonly proposed responses — more investment in education and more trade adjustment assistance for dislocated workers — are nowhere near adequate. Significant payoffs from educational investment will take decades to be realized, and trade adjustment assistance is too small and too narrowly targeted on specific industries to have much effect.
The best way to avert the rise in protectionism is by instituting a New Deal for globalization — one that links engagement with the world economy to a substantial redistribution of income. In the United States, that would mean adopting a fundamentally more progressive federal tax system. The notion of more aggressively redistributing income may sound radical, but ensuring that most American workers are benefiting is the best way of saving globalization from a protectionist backlash.

Earning more in wages for more people in the world might be an even more radical idea.

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Medicaid and cost containment

This GAO report makes for a perplexing stumbling block to cost savings.

Many of these individuals accumulated substantial assets, including million-dollar houses and luxury vehicles, while failing to pay their federal taxes. In addition, some case studies involved businesses that were sanctioned for substandard care of their patients. Despite their abusive and related criminal activity, these 25 providers received Medicaid payments ranging from about $100,000 to about $39 million in fiscal year 2006….CMS and our selected states do not prevent health care providers who have federal tax debts from enrolling in Medicaid. CMS officials stated that such a requirement for screening potential providers for unpaid taxes could adversely impact states’ ability to provide health care to low income people. Further, federal law generally prohibits the disclosure of taxpayer data to CMS and states.No tax debt owed by Medicaid providers has ever been collected from Medicaid payments through the continuous levy program. IRS has determined that Medicaid payments are not considered ‘‘federal payments’’ and thus not eligible for this program. GAO estimates that for the seven selected states the federal government could have collected between $70 million to $160 million during fiscal year 2006 if an effective levy program was in place.

(bolding is mine)

So the system loses millions in order to keep services inplace? Over time, doesn’t that sound odd?

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WTO GATS and protectionism or nationalism

Heritage notes that anti-dumping lawsuits have increased in the US and the administration is not attending to global free trade as we have dropped below the top ten.

Such measures are supposed to be used to prevent other countries from selling their goods here at below-market prices, and that makes sense. But as Index co-editor Mary Anastasia O’Grady points out, America now overuses this tool. In fact, since 1995, the United States has trailed only India in the number of antidumping cases it has filed.Many of those came as a result of the Byrd Amendment, named for Sen. Robert Byrd of West Virginia. This amendment encourages producers to file complaints with the government, because if any “dumping” is found, they get to share in the penalties collected.The World Trade Organization ruled two years ago that the Byrd Amendment violates international trade policies, and the U.S. has promised to comply with the WTO. But we haven’t done so yet, which means that eight American trading partners soon could retaliate against our unfair trade practices — a move that could start a trade war.There’s no need for that. After all, trade wars are expensive and end up hurting everybody, while, as the Index proves year in and year out, free trade builds economies and ends up helping everybody.If more of our politicians will recognize the benefits of economic freedom and go back to promoting it, next year we can return to the top 10 worldwide. And that would be good news — for everybody.

The NYT reports China is making moves as well.

The directive, issued in June, called for burdensome new safety inspections for foreign-made medical devices — but not for those made in China. The Bush administration is crying foul.

Even more worrisome to the administration is that the directive seems part of a recent pattern in which Chinese officials issue new regulations aimed at favoring Chinese industries over foreign competitors, despite efforts by Treasury Secretary Henry M. Paulson Jr. to ease economic tensions.

“There is clearly a growing economic nationalism in China that is leading to discrimination against foreign investors in pillar sectors of the economy,” said Myron Brilliant, vice president for Asia at the United States Chamber of Commerce. “It’s not only a threat to foreign investors but it also undermines China’s transition to a market-based economy.”

Life gets complicated.

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Patriotism is done by people, not companies

BBC reports:

A $1.2bn (£590m) contract for training Iraqi police was so badly managed that auditors do not know how the money was spent, the US state department says.
The programme was run by a private US company, DynCorp. It insists there has been no intentional fraud.
Auditors have stopped trying to audit the programme because all the documents are in disarray and the government is trying to retrieve some of the money.
Training Iraqis to take over security is a key part of US strategy.

Stuart Bowen Jr, the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction (SIGIR), blamed the problems on long-standing contract administration problems within the state department office that awarded the contract.
He said “lack of controls” and “serious contract management issues” within the Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) made it “vulnerable to waste and fraud”.

Another BBC article states:

An independent panel has strongly criticised the way the US army manages contracts to supply its troops in Iraq and Afghanistan.
The panel said there were high levels of fraud and waste in relation to contracts worth $4bn (£1.9bn) a year.
It blamed a lack of oversight and said only about half the army’s contracting staff were properly qualified.
Defence Secretary Robert Gates said he was “dismayed” by the report and the Pentagon would pursue its suggestions.
The army says it is pursuing 83 criminal inquiries related to contract fraud and more than $15m in bribes have been exposed.
The panel did not address specific allegations against individuals, but made clear that a lack of oversight and too few army contracting personnel had exacerbated systemic problems.

The number of army personnel responsible for managing contracts in Kuwait, Iraq and Afghanistan dropped as the number of contracts and their value soared over 12 years, the panel found.
Only about half of all contracting personnel are certified to do their jobs, it added.
The panel said some 2,000 extra staff were needed to deal with a 600% increase in the workload.
“This is a systemic issue within the army and within the DoD [Department of Defense],” said Jacques Gansler, chairman of the commission.
Senator Joe Lieberman, chairman of the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, said it could take the state department up to five years to review invoices and demand repayment from DynCorp for unjustified expenses.
“This scenario is far too frequent across the federal government,” he said.
DynCorp had been asked to improve its management of government-owned equipment in Iraq twice before.

There are many sides to the issue. One is a government that can account for expenditures in a sane way with a reasonable margin of error, which at present is not in place. This is being simply responsible and efficient in my mind. The other is prosecution for fraud, which is another matter and ex post facto, and harder than even being more efficient.

Since it appears to be bi-partisan issue overall in Congress to simply continue the process, why is it framed as partisan? It would seem to me either you are for gross wastefulness or not. And to reduce oversight while increasing spending seems counter-intuitive.

So do we just live with it? Is the margin of error in wastefullness the political issue here? Or is the concern marginal as only a concern for Ron Paul ? Is it unpatriotic to waste tax money and fail to deliver a service so grotesquely but vital to national security? Maybe not criminal, but severely undermining our security is unpatriotic.

What did Cheney mean by “deficits don’t matter”? Can a market believe in patriotism? Or a CEO within the confines of his/her company policies?

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A new GI Bill

NYT suggests this deficit spending.

Veterans today have only the Montgomery G.I. Bill, which requires a service member to pay $100 a month for the first year of his or her enlistment in order to receive a flat payment for college that averages $800 a month. This was a reasonable enlistment incentive for peacetime service, but it is an insufficient reward for wartime service today. It is hardly enough to allow a veteran to attend many community colleges.

It would cover only about 13 percent of the cost of attending Columbia, 42 percent at the University of Hawaii, 14 percent at Washington and Lee, 26 percent at U.C.L.A. and 11 percent at Harvard Law School.

MEMBERS of Congress and other political leaders often say that the men and women who have served in our military since 9/11 are the “new greatest generation.” Well, here’s a thought from two infantry combat veterans of the Vietnam era’s “wounded generation”: if you truly believe that our Iraq and Afghanistan veterans are like those who fought in World War II, let us provide them with the same G.I. Bill that was given to the veterans of that war.

Are we funding private contractors to provide increased income for soldiers? How many of the soldiers are US citizens? Blackwater raided the Chilean army for several hundreds of soldiers…do we have figures? Is there any connection?

Is an education bill a more productive use of funds for us, leaving aside immediate concerns for a second?

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Another restroom post? Intellectual conumdrums

Salon published an essay on restrooms and handwashing, perhaps because AB has persisted in posting on this issue.

So far this year Americans have used 1.8 million tons of paper towels and tissue, according to the American Forest & Paper Association, an industry group. There are approximately 3 million hand dryers installed in the country and most run for 30 seconds around 100 times a day, according to World Dryer Corp., one of the country’s leading manufacturers. That’s 690 billion watts of electricity every day — enough power to run an estimated 280,000 homes for an entire year.

So the Climate Conservancy, a nonprofit group started by Stanford University climate scientists, which aims to help consumers determine the greenhouse gas emissions associated with products, helped me crunch some numbers. Its calculations look not just at carbon dioxide, but the other five gases, identified by the Kyoto Protocol, that contribute to global warming (methane, nitrous oxide, perfluorocarbon, hydrofluorocarbon and sulfur hexafluoride) to get what is called a CO2 equivalence.

Anyway, the hand dryer would seem to be the wise choice. But hold on. There’s something else to consider. The average temperature of air that flows from a warm air dryer is insufficient to kill most bacteria, according to a 1998 study by Britain’s University of Westminster. The study finds that paper towels removed 58 percent of the bacteria from people’s hands. Air dryers, meanwhile, increase the numbers of all sorts of bacteria by 255 percent! That’s because the dryers either suck up germs and then spew them back out, or people don’t spend the necessary time under the heat to kill the germs.

If one hand dryer sequence uses the equivalent of 1/16th mile of driving for an average car, how much mileage do we get out of the issue? Apparently some more. As a micro-cosm of individual responsibility and the complexities of issues involved, and as a cultural issue and market of personal responibility, I find it is in your hands to decide.

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