by Linda Beale
This is one of those weeks when almost everything has a tax angle. Let’s survey.
Michael Jackson’s funeral
Should taxpayers have to foot the bill for the extra security surrounding celebrity memorial services? Does an estate get to deduct the costs of gala receptions connected with a memorial as part of the funeral?
International relations and UBS
The Swiss have announced that they may seize the 52,000 account records that UBS holds in Switzerland for what are likely many American tax cheats if the federal court in Florida orders the bank to turn them over in response to the government summons. I’ve already written about that on A Taxing Matter, here. This is a game of chicken, where either the US or UBS/Swizterland will blink. UBS has substantial assets in this country in connection with its banking license here. The US has jurisdiction over UBS for various reasons and UBS has already admitted to criminal violations and given up about 250 names. Looks like UBS clearly violated its qualified intermediary agreement with the US. If I were betting, I’d bet that the Swiss will be the ones to blink, if the US only has the backbone to stand firm.
Health Care Reform
Democrats are wrangling over how to pay for much needed health care reform. On the Senate side, they are apparently taking very seriously the proposal by Citizens for Tax Justice that the Medicare tax be extended to all types of unearned income, not just compensation. (This proposal, of course, has been around, and I’ve made it quite often myself. CTJ has a specific version, and provides state-by-state figures on what it would mean.) Obviously, since the top quintiles own most of the capital assets, this would be primarily a tax increase on them (resulting in a slight increase to the capital gains rate from 15% max for most types of gains to 16.45%).
Defense of Marriage Act
Back in the 1990s, Congress caved to the “values” lobby (i.e., the group that wants to impose its “values” on all the rest of us, and whines about having others’ values imposed on it if it thinks anybody wants to do anything differently from the way it thinks they ought to want to do it) and passed the so-called “defense of marriage act” (DOMA). DOMA says the terms “spouse” and “married” in federal law can only refer to legal ties between a man and a woman –i.e., “traditional” marriage. Of course, there are lots of references to spouses and marriage in the Internal Revenue Code–spouses can transfer property to one another without tax. Spouses can receive alimony when they divorce. Spouses can file joint returns. Spouses can exclude medical benefits from their spouse’s medical insurance. And etc. When DOMA was passed, no state permitted gay marriage. Now, several states do. And finally, one of them is challenging the law as unconstitutional (which, you won’t be surprised, in my view it clearly is) because it “interferes with the Commonwealth’s sovereign authority to define and regulate marriage” and “constitutes an overreaching and discriminatory federal law.” See complaint; AG files first suit challenging DOMA, Mass. Lawyers Weekly, July 13, 2009. Good for Massachusetts.
Developers and tax-exempt bonds
A retirement community in Central Florida may owe millions in back taxes. The Villages is made up of “community development districts” that have been used to pay for roads, sewers and water lines that are essential to the developers’ being able to sell their developments. The IRS examiner has concluded that $64 million of bonds issued in 2003 shouldn’t have been entitled to tax exemption because the board members were all affiliated in one way or another with the developer, and the developer (an ardent Republican, natch) had gotten about $60 million from the district for golf courses and small parks that cost the developer less than $8 million to build. A pretty solid return, in a period of not so solid returns for people conducting their business without the aid of the US government. Other bonds are also being investigated. See Fineout, Florida Communities Pay Attention to a Tax Case, NY Times, July 10, 2009.
Banks, TARP purchases of toxic waste, derivatives regulation (or not)?
Obviously, the entire economy is impacted by the credit crunch and the huge amounts of money the federal government has put on the line for banks, including its plans for “partnerships” with private equity to buy up toxic waste, with the government standing to get a pittance of the up side (if there is any) but to lose most of the downside (which there will likely be a good deal of). Meanwhile, proposals for regulation of derivatives are tepid at best. “Standard” derivatives would be sort of regulated, but “exotic” ones (the ones, by the way, that have been customized to use in tax shelter deals, or to fool accounting regulators) won’t be. You can create a customized derivative to do anything the standard one would do, so who would do a standard derivative if both options exist? (nobody) And why do banks need to be doing exotic derivatives in the first place? (they don’t). Derivatives have been just one other way to manipulate tax burdens and get the right bundle of features at the right point to claim the right application of a particular part of the Code. Swap away the taxes. But here we are, letting banks continue without restructuring, aiding them with more US dollars on the line, and doing it in a way that allows big aid recipients in the bailout (like GE) to get bigger on more bailout-related dollars from the government, while continuing to engage in the same behavior as before. What part of this makes sense?
More tax shelter enablers biting the dust
This week, another of the BDO Seidman “tax solutions group” (that ended up being a euphemism for tax fraud promotional group) pled guilty to various charges in connection with the son of boss type deals done with defunct law firm Jenkins & Gilchrist. You can read all about that on A Taxing Matter here and more about the shelters and other cases, here and here. Will these guilty pleas help put a stop to the overzealous “tax minimization” norm. For a little while, I suspect. And then the race will be off again in a new cycle of tax shelters.
And being in Michigan, I can’t leave out Ave Maria (hat tip to Paul Caron at Tax Prof)
Ave Maria Law School, a Catholic school founded and funded by Tom Monaghan (of Domino’s Pizza wealth), is being moved lock, stock, barrel and faculty to a new city and campus in Florida. A number of tenured faculty objected to the apparent high-handed way in which Mr. Monaghan was able to control the school’s decision making on the matter. They are no longer at the school and are contesting their termination. Monaghan claims that they are Catholic ministers and therefore the school is exempt from suit in civil court under the First Amendment religious protections. See Baldas, Ave Maria claims ‘ecclesiastical abstention’ over termination of three law professors, National Law Journal, July 9, 2009. As one commenter on the Tax Prof posting on this noted–so do the faculty take the ministerial housing allowance exclusion?
Enjoy, and have a great weekend…..